Difference Between APL And BPL Ration Card – TNPDS

What is the Difference between APL & BPL, here we cover the list of differences between APL and BPL here. They even classified those ration cards into different colours as Green/ Yellow.

As said above, the categorization or any classification is done based on the Family’s annual income – as per government, this is the different types of ration cards in India.

The BPL Ration cards are not provided to APL Category families and vice versa as the benefits and services for BPL Ration cards and APL Ration cards vary.

There is also another category other than those two. It is AAY category also known as Antyadaya Anna Yojana. However, we only share difference between APL & BPL.

But we are limited to discussion about the differences in between APL and BPL Ration cards only as the article is meant to be.

The following list of things will differ in between the APL and BPL.

  • Eligibility Criteria
  • Benefits and Services provided by Government.
  • List of the Commodities and their prices.

But the Application procedure of both the Ration Cards is almost identical when considered both Online and Offline Procedures.

More Info:

Below we cover the complete differences between APL & BPL online. Check it out.

Difference In BPL and APL Under List Of Commodities

Under the 2015 Minimum Common need programme, the Targeted Public Distribution System will provide Food and other commodities to the poor families in their respective states.

But the difference is seen in the prices of the product provided by the Ration Shops. The details of the Prices and Commodities are listed and explained in the table below. These Prices were pre-fixed by the Central Government based on the category.

Commodity APL BPL AAY
  • 8.30 (Grade)
  • 7.95 (Common)
5.65 3.00
Wheat 6.10 4.15 2.00
Coarse Grains 4.50 3.00 1.50

All the Categories of the Ration are differentiated in the Table above by showing the price differences in between some commodities. These Food grains are provided to the families at Subsidised rates who are economically low in respective states.


  • Under the rules of TPDS, only BPL families are entitled to receive Sugar at subsidised rates.
  • Depending upon the availability the APL cardholders get the Rice and wheat at a scale of fixed rate, unlike BPL.
  • Ration cardholders subject to restrictions imposed by State Government the kerosene is issued.


  • Rations received by the APL Ration cardholders are fixed by the Government depending upon availability.
  • All the commodities and rations are fixed from time to time by the Public Distribution System.
  • Only Rice, Wheat and kerosene are provided for APL families.
  • Sugar is subsidised only BPL families and AAY families.

Eligibility Criteria for APL and BPL

The Eligibility criteria for all Ration Cards are designed by the Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS) of Central Government. The difference in both in terms of eligibility has been listed below.

Eligibility Crtieria of APL & BPL


  • There should not a be a residential telephone in the Household of BPL Category.
  • The family should not possess any type of Four-Wheeler vehicle.
  • The Annual income of Family should not exceed Rs.15,000/- to be under the BPL category.
  • None of the family members should hold two hectares rainfed or one hectare of semi-irrigated land.
  • The family member should not contain even half hectare of irrigated land.

For a Household to get categorized under the Below Poverty Line Category, then should fulfil all the points in the eligibility criteria which is mentioned above.

Before issuing a BPL , their application is checked thoroughly and verified and then process them as BPL category if they fulfil every point.

The scheme targets the really poor and vulnerable sections of the society such as landless labourers, marginal farmers and wage earners of the informal sections of the economy


  • Families having a Total Annual Income of more than Rs.15,000/- and less than one lakh are APL category.
  • The members of APL families should not own any four-wheeled or Light vehicle(Excluding taxi-drivers).
  • The family should not possess the irrigated land of more than Four hectares.

If Any household doesn’t satisfy the above eligibility criteria then they are issued with white or photo cards.

For them, the subsidised rates are no longer applicable and also can’t avail the benefits of perks and services provided by their state government.

Updated: June 14, 2022 — 5:34 am
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